After the extensive use of a cable, its life cycle eventually comes to an end. Even though it has ceased to be functional in its current condition, this does not imply that the cable is entirely useless. If anything, the cable can be disintegrated and its constituents recycled to serve a different purpose. It is therefore advisable to keep the non-functional cables safe for recyclers to collect, instead of disposing of them.
What Does Cable Recycling Entail?
The three main components of a cable are the sheath, insulator, and conductor. The sheath is the outermost surface and is mainly made of plastic. The conductor, usually copper, is the innermost element and is covered by the insulator. Hence, the insulator is between the conductor and the sheath. Since the conductor is responsible for transmitting current, it should not be left bare. Therefore, it requires to be covered by a material that is a non-conductor.
During the recycling process, the sheath is peeled off, thereby separating it from the conductor and insulator. The plastic which was used as the outer coating goes through a process that reduces it into minute particles. In this new form, the sheathing can be utilized in the manufacturing of new items whose main constituent is PVC. On the other end, copper is a versatile metal that is removed from the cable and taken to factories that cast metals. It is melted and can then be molded to form a wide variety of objects.
Through cable recycling, both plastic and metal, which are natural resources, are preserved. This implies that there is a reduced need for new plastic to be made. Also, recycling cables minimizes the necessity to extract copper ore. Usually, the extraction process is costly and hazardous. In addition to this, since the quantity of faulty cables being disposed of is less, the environment is conserved. This especially pertains to waterways where most waste is directed.